The poppy Papaver somniferum is the source for naturally occurring opioids, whereas synthetic opioids are made entirely in a lab and include meperidine, fentanyl, and methadone. Semi-synthetic opioids are synthesized from naturally occurring opium products, such as morphine and codeine, and include heroin, oxycodone, hydrocodone, and hydromorphone. Teens can obtain narcotics from friends, family members, medicine cabinets, pharmacies, nursing homes, hospitals, hospices, doctors, and the Internet. Opiates are natural, mind-altering compounds that also have medicinal benefits and that are found in opium. These include morphine, codeine, and thebaine.
The term opiate may also refer to semi-synthetic compounds derived from these natural substances. Opioids are any compounds that act on opioid receptors in the body and include all the opiates as well as fully synthetic compounds. The term opiate is becoming obsolete, in favor of using opioids to describe all these compounds. Every substance that is classified under opiate and opioid is a chemical compound that interacts with specific receptors in the body, and that produces similar effects: pain relief, cough relief, constipation, dulled senses, slowed respiration and heart rate, and euphoria. All these substances are also dangerous, can cause fatal overdoses, and have a high potential for abuse and addiction.
What is the Definition of Controlled Substances?
Drugs and other substances that are considered controlled substances under the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) are divided into five schedules. An updated and complete list of the schedules is published annually in Title 21 Code of Federal Regulations (C.F.R.) §§1308.11 through 1308.15. Substances are placed in their respective schedules based on whether they have a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States, their relative abuse potential, and the likelihood of causing dependence when abused. (DEA)
Are All Opiates Listed as Controlled Substances?
Yes, all opiates and opioids are classified as controlled scheduled substances. Heroin will be the only one that falls under Schedule I, as heroin is defined as a drug with no currently accepted medical use and a high potential for abuse. Schedule II opiates are defined as having a high potential for abuse, with use potentially leading to severe psychological or physical dependence. Some examples of Schedule II opiates are OxyContin, Percocet, and Vicodin. Schedule III opiates abuse potential is less than Schedule I and Schedule II opiates but more than Schedule IV. Some examples of Schedule III opiates are Suboxone and Subutex. Schedule IV opiates are defined as having a low potential for abuse and low risk of dependence. One example of Schedule IV opiates us Tramadol.
Schedule V opiates are defined as having lower potential for abuse than Schedule IV and consist of preparations containing limited quantities of certain opiates such as codeine. Schedule V drugs are generally used for antidiarrheal, antitussive, and analgesic purposes. One example of a Schedule V opiate is Robitussin. Federal Trafficking Penalties for the drugs under each Schedule are Listed on page 30 of the DEA Resource Guide and was written and published by the U.S. Department of Justice Drug Enforcement Administration. You will find small penalties ranging from no more than 1 year of imprisonment if it was the first offense and no bodily injury was caused to life imprisonment if death occurred as a result of the drug trafficked.
How Can Garden State Treatment Center Help You?
Here at Garden State Treatment Center, we provide group therapy, individual addiction counseling, relapse prevention treatment, cognitive behavioral therapy, family therapy, 12 step addiction treatment and many other services that facilitate the recovery. We believe in treating the entire person, not just their addictions. We personalized the treatment plan based on the individual’s characteristics to provide a long-lasting and meaningful recovery. Our goal is for you to come out of our program changed, firm, and prepared to begin a lifetime of recovery. We are ready to answer your questions when it comes to healing from substance abuse. Our admissions team is standing by for your call.